Civil liability falls into the broader category of legal liability, which identifies the person liable to bear the cost of infringing another’s right.
Civil (or non-contractual) tort is the second most important source of obligations.
The code-based discipline of civil liability is rather meager, but the importance of the institution is increasingly growing with the passage of time. The fundamental notion around which the whole system of civil liability revolves is that of loss, which is classified as follows:
- Financial loss: is the tangible and immediately quantifiable damage;
- Non-financial loss: includes the threefold profile of the biological, moral and psycho-existential damage, as well as all the possible harmful consequences that can’t have an immediate economic quantification.